Anthocyanins are potent antioxidants and are naturally occurring substances found in plants that give fruits, vegetables, and plants their unique color. They are plant derived ingredients and belong to the class of flavonoids. Anthocyanins can be found in leaves, stems, roots, flowers and fruits. It can be found in abundance in blueberries, bilberry, beets, black carrots, etc.
Anthocyanins display a wide range of biological actives including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory effects.
The use of natural bioactives with potential anti-aging and/or skin-protective properties continues to receive attention from consumers. Polyphenols and most recently, anthocyanins have been reported as potentially effective agents to prevent signs of skin aging and protect the skin from external injuries caused by ultraviolet (UV) radiation role of UV radiation, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inflammation.
Betalains are a class of red and yellow pigments found in plants where they replace the anthocyanin pigments. They include the pigments found in red beets. Some of the betalains in beets are betanin, isobetanin, probetanin, and neobetanin. The red and violet colors are known collectively as betacyanin.